Use this video and any additional materials from your studies (or even personal experience) to describe and give examples of the effect that each of the following will have on the damage, injuries and deaths caused by an earthquake:
Magnitude of earthquake
Depth of earthquake
Geology of the area where the earthquake happens
Wealth of the area
Education and training
Quality of emergency services
Time of day when the earthquake strikes
Previous experience of earthquakes in the area
B. "The bigger the earthquake, the more people die" investigation
Is there a correlation between the magnitude of an earthquake and the number of people who die? You are going to investigate this question and produce a report on your findings and the reasons for them.
1) Is there a link between the magnitude of an earthquake and the number of deaths?
Use the BBC article below to create a spreadsheet that you can use to investigate the correlation between earthquake magnitude and the number of fatalities. you can make a copy of the spreadsheet below and edit it for your investigation.
Use your spreadsheet to create a scattergraph and line of best fit of number of deaths against magnitude. Make sure the graph is complete with title, labelled axes and a key if needed. Think carefully about the minimum and maximum values on your axes.
Copy and paste your spreadsheet into a document and analyse the patterns it shows. Consider:
Is there a correlation between magnitude and deaths? How strong is it?
What are the anomalies? Identify them and try to explain.
What other factors might affect the number of deaths? One might be how rich the country or area is and how well prepared people are. You are now going to investigate if this seems to be part of a pattern:
Use the World Bank website to add GDP per capita data to your spreadsheet (make sure you know what GDP per capita is and how it is calculated!).
Draw a second scattergraph - Number of deaths against GDP per capita.
Copy and paste this into the same document and analyse it as above.
3. What are the factors that affect how many people die in an earthquake?
Investigate each of the aspects below and explain, using examples, how they can affect the number of people who die in a natural disaster.
Check that you understand what is meant by population density. Explain how the density of population will have an effect on how many people will be affected.
e) Other important factors
You should investigate:
Time of day at which the earthquake occurs. Why might and earthquake do more damage at 8.30am than at 11pm? Look for examples to help explain.
History of earthquakes in the area and the experience of local people (you could compare Haiti and Japan as an example here). Why might earthquakes kills fewer people in a place where they happen more often?